Main Article Content
Throughout their development, tumors are challenged by the immune system and acquire features to evade its surveillance. A systematic view of these traits is still lacking. We recently performed a computational-based study in which we identified genomic and transcriptomic traits associated to the immune-phenotype of 9,403 tumors of 29 solid cancers. In highly cytotoxic immune-phenotypes we found tumors with low clonal heterogeneity enriched by alterations of genes involved in epigenetic regulation, ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, antigen-presentation and cell-cell communication, which may drive resistance. Tumors with immune-phenotypes with mid cytotoxicity present an over-activation of processes involved in invasion and remodeling of neighboring tissues that may foster the recruitment of immune-suppressive cells. Tumors with poor cytotoxic immune-phenotype tend to be of more advanced stages and present frequent alterations in cell cycle, hedgehog, beta-catenin and TGF-beta pathways, which may drive the immune depletion. These results may be exploited to better understand the outcome of immunetherapies and develop novel combinatorial targeting strategies.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.